Civil War History As Told by Battlefield Monuments and Historical Markers
From 1861 to 1865 great armies fought in a terrible Civil War for competing visions of America. The places they clashed - Gettysburg, Antietam, The Wilderness - are written in blood in our nation's history. Today the armies are long gone, but they left behind sentinels that guard their memory, messages carved in stone for future generations.
Stone Sentinels tours the battlefield monuments and historical markers that tell of America's Civil War in the East. Photographs, text of the inscriptions, maps and background information put them into context and help fill in the story.
150 Years Ago - Robert E. Lee launched the last major assault of the Army of Northern Virginia against Union-held Fort Stedman southeast of Petersburg. The attack failed with heavy casualties to the attacking force, which Lee had collected from his already dangerously thin defences. See Fort Stedman on the Petersburg National Battlefield.
Antietam, or Sharpsburg
Over 300 monuments and markers commemorate the single deadliest day of American military history.
Robert E. Lee's greatest victory and Stonewall Jackson's last fight, it was the deadliest battle of the war until two months later at Gettysburg.
Over 1,200 monuments and markers remember the bloodiest battle of the Civil War and one of the turning points of history.
The opening battle of Grant's 1864 campaign was a confused stalemate. But Grant refused to admit defeat and kept pushing on to Richmond.
Spotsylvania Court House
Grant's 1864 campaign continued with what may have been the most violent clash of th Civil War.
Its siege and capture by 'Stonewall' Jackson was the largest surrender of U.S. troops until World War II.
The largest cavalry battle of the war marked the beginning of the Gettysburg campaign.
The prelude to Antietam took place in
three strategic passes through Maryland's South Mountain.
A beautiful region of mountains, farms and streams, it was also a battleground at Front Royal, Winchester, New Market Fisher's Hill and Cedar Creek.